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Our Children, Our Area


Glossary of SEND terms

AcronymFull terminology                      Meaning                
ADHDAttention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

A condition that affects behaviour, focus

and concentration.

ASD/ASCAutistic Spectrum Disorder or Condition

A developmental disability that affects

communication and interaction with the world

AACAugmentative and Alternative Communication

All of the methods of communication

other than using speed

ARAnnual ReviewEHCPs have to be discussed and updated every year
-Access ArrangementsSupport put in place to help students to do exams
APAlternative ProvisionFor CYP who can't go to a mainstream school

Children and Young People's Mental Health Services (formerly CAMHS)

NHS service that assesses and treats young people with emotional, behaviouralor mental health difficulties (Tier 3)

C&ICommunication and Interaction

The 1st of the 4 areas of need

C&LCognition and learningThe 2nd of the 4 areas of need
-ComprehensionUnderstanding the meaning of things
CoPCode of Practice

Statutory guidance for all organisations that

support CYP with SEND

DfEDepartment for Education

Government department responsible for

children's services and education

-Differentiated curriculum

Modified or adapted curriculum that meets

the different ability levels of learners

DMODistrict Medical Officer

Senior health agency official who advises on matters

of public health

DD (GD)Developmental delay / Global delay

Taking longer to meet certain developmental

milestones than children of a similar age

DSPLDelivering Special Provision LocallyA local area group in Herts 
-Expressive Language

The ability to request, make choices, ask questions,

answer and describe events


Education, Health and Care Needs Assessment

Evidence gathering process to help decide if an

Education, Health and Care plan is needed


Education, Health and Care Co-ordinator

(formerly SEN Officer)

The primary contact within the SEN team for CYP

with EHCPs, their families and schools

EHCPEducation, Health and Care Plan

A legally binding document that describes the

needs of the CYP and sets out the extra

help and support needed

EHEElective Home Education

Choice made by parents to educate CYP at home

or in some other way away from school

EOTASEducation other than at schoolEducation of CYP outwith a formal education setting
EPEducational PsychologistTrained psychologist specialising in child development
EYEarly Years

Period from birth to age 4

EYFSEarly Years Foundation Stage

Nursery and Reception years in education

FFAFamilies First Assessment

Early help tool to identify needs and

organise the right support

-Fine motor skillsSmall muscles of the hands - using pencils, scissors, constructing with lego, doing up buttons 
-Graduated ApproachAssess, plan, do, review cycle (APDR)
-Gross motor skills

Whole body movements - sitting, crawling,

throwing and catching, kicking a ball etc

HIHearing ImpairmentHearing loss that can be mild, moderate or severe

High Needs Funding/

Local High Needs Funding

Top-up funding for CYP with needs that meet a

higher threshold for support

HPCIHerts Parent Carer InvolvementIndependent parent/carer organisation
IEPIndividual Education Plan

Called different things across schools.  Plan that sets

out the support that will be put in place to meet needs

INCoInclusion Coordinator (schools)

Like a SENCo, but covers additional vulnerable groups

such as pupil premium, children looked after and those with English as an additional Language (EAL)

IPSEAIndependent and Parental Special Education Advice serviceNational parent/carer organisation
ISLIntegrated Services for LearningLocal Authority statutory SEND service
KS1-5Key Stage (1-5)The different age range blocks within schools.
LDLearning difficulties

Reduced cognitive ability, difficulty with

every day activities and independence

LALocal Authority

Official body responsible for the organisation of all

public services and facilities in the area

-Local Offer

Provides information to families of CYP with SEND about

what support services are available in the local area

LSA/TALearning Support Assistant/Teaching Assistant

Staff in schools that provide additional support to the

teacher and to some individual pupils


Language programme that uses signs and symbols

to help with communication

-Mainstream school

Maintained school or an Academy that is not a 

special school or an independent school


A way of sorting out differences between parties, 

often between parents and the local authority

MSIMulti-sensory Impairment

Hearing and Vision loss. 

Some may be completelydeaf and blind.


The different ways that the brain works and

interprets information, highlighting that people

naturally think about things differently


Non-verbal or pre-verbal

Communication before speech has developed
OfstedOffice for standards in education

Government body responsible for inspecting

schools and childcare providers

OTOccupational TherapySupport to improve the ability to carry out every day tasks
OCDObsessive Compulsive Disorder

Common mental health condition where a person has

uncontrollable and reoccurring thoughts or behaviours

that they feel the urge to repeat over and over 

ODDOppositional Defiance DisorderUncooperative, defiant and hostile behaviour
PECSPicture Exchange Communication SystemUsing visual symbols and pictures to communicate
-Provision panel

Multi-agency group that decides on the type of setting

that best meets the needs of a child

-Personal Budget

Funding that the Local Authority can give to parents or a young person over 16 years to secure particular provision that is specified in the Education, Health and Care Plan

PDPhysical Difficulty

Long term physical impairment that has a substantial

effect on the ability to carry our everyday activities

PMLDProfound and Multiple Learning Difficulties

A severe learning disability that significantly affects

the ability to communicate and be independent.

PNIPhysical and Neurological Impairment

Physical difficulty and/or medical need that creates a barrier 

to learning or to the setting.  Physical resources and

reasonable adjustments will need to be made.

PSBPrimary Support Base 

Small specialist provisions for children with

SEND, attached to mainstream schools

PVIPrivate, Voluntary and Independent

EY settings that provide childcare from 0-5 years

and may be open 52 weeks of the year

RAGRed, Amber, Green

A rating often used to show if targets

are on track to be met

-Receptive LanguageUnderstanding what is being said
-Reasonable AdjustmentsChanges a school makes to remove or reduce a disadvantage related to someone's disability. 
SaLTSpeech and Language Therapy/Therapist

Support and care for children who have difficulties

with communication, eating, drinking and swallowing

SENDSpecial Educational Needs and Disabilities

A learning difficulty or disability that means a

CYP may need special health or education support


Special Educational Needs (/Disabilities) Co-ordinator

The person in school responsible for ensuring

that the needs of CYP with SEND are met

-Special Educational Needs Support

Support that is different from or additional to

that which is generally given to other children

of the same age using the APDR cycle

-SEND Information Report

A statutory document on a school website that

explains how a school supports CYP with SEND

SLCNSpeech, Language and Communication Needs

Difficulties with speech sounds and/or

understanding of language

SLDSevere Learning Difficulties

Dianosis of significant impaired intelligence

and impaired social functioning

SPDSensory Processing Disorder

A condition that affects how the brain

processes sensory information

SpLDSpecific Learning Difficulties

An umbrella term for Dyslexia, Dysgraphia,

Dyscalculia and Dyspraxia

-Short BreaksActivities for disabled CYP to give families a break
-Special School

Schools that provide education specifically for

CYP with needs that can't be met in mainstream

SEND SASSEND Specialist Advisory Service

Team of SEN Advisory teachers that support

schools and pupils with a range of needs

SENDIASSSEND Independent Advice and Support ServiceAn impartial SEND service for CYP and parents

Social Communication, Emotional

Regulation and Transactional Support

A research based educational approach that supports

the core difficulties experienced by CYP with Autism

SEMHSocial, Emotional and Mental HealthThe 3rd of the 4 main areas of need
S&PSensory and PhysicalThe 4th of the 4 main areas of need
SRPSpecial Resource Provision

Centres attached to mainstream schools providing

access to a mainstream curriculum in a smaller and 

less stressful environment


The process of changing from one thing to

another - class, year group, school etc


Teaching, Expanding, Appreciating,

Collaborating/Cooperating and Holistic

An approach sometimes used with

Autistic children in school

VIVisual Impairment

A loss of sight that cannot be corrected

by glasses or lenses


An online tool that schools can use to

look at at needs holistically